Staying Woke vs Being Conscious

Most people think that wakefulness and consciousness are synonyms.  That is to say, we think that to be awake, is also to be conscious.  While it is most common for consciousness and wakefulness to occur simultaneously, in cognitive science however, these two terms have important distinctive definitions.

Consciousness is the state of being awake and aware, able to perceive, receive, and process stimuli and information from one’s environment.  When you go to sleep, this is an altered state of consciousness, with limited, to no ability, to perceive, receive, and process stimuli and information from one’s environment.  When Neuroscientists study the EEG brain waves of a sleeping person, they find that during a night’s sleep, a portion of the time is spent in the waking state, even though the person is not fully conscious.  Parasomnia disorders such as “sleep walking” or “sleep talking” are examples of instances where a person is in a waking state, but not fully conscious.  Daydreaming is another example of a mental state where a person is awake, but not conscious of their immediate surroundings.  Conversely, Sleep paralysis is a condition where the mind is awake and conscious, but the body is not awake and unable to become active.  What we can take away from all this is that
1. Consciousness and wakefulness commonly occur seemingly simultaneously
2. Consciousness also requires one to be awake
3. It is possible to be awake but not conscious
4. It is possible to be conscious and mentally awake but not physically awake and active

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The preceding deliberation served as a primer for our discussion on the terms “Woke” vs “Conscious” as it relates to African American English Vernacular.

The term “Consciousness” in the Black community has a long and storied history throughout Africa and the African diaspora, stemming back to the early 1900s, and has to do with an awareness of one’s black identity, and nonconformity to mainstream social, political, economic, religious, and spiritual constructs.  The UNIA, Moorish Science Temple, Nation of Islam, 5 Percenters, Hebrew Israelites, Ausar Auset Society, Black Panther Party, SCLC, and BLM, are all examples of black conscious movements in America.

The term, “Woke,” is an idiom that has surfaced in recent years, essentially referring to the same concepts, precepts, and principles as “conscious”, but with more of a focus on social, political, and economic awareness.  In recent years, the term “conscious” has become associated more with a focus on historical, cultural, religious and spiritual awareness.  The Activism of someone “Woke,” tends to be of a social, political, and economic nature, whereas, the activism of someone “Conscious,” tends to be of a historical, cultural, religious or spiritual nature.  If we were to retrospectively apply the new definitions and connotations that the terms “Woke” and “Conscious” have taken on in recent years, to the aforementioned groups, then we could classify the UNIA, Black Panther Party, SCLC, and BLM as “Woke,” and the Nation of Islam, 5 Percenters, Hebrew Israelites, and Ausar Auset Society as “conscious”.

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After a multitude of scandals erupting in the Black Conscious Community in recent years, and many Black people feeling critical of, or unserved, underserved, or unrepresented by the modern Black Conscious Community, in some regard, “Woke,” seems like a re-branding of “Conscious”.  In 2017, the difference in the socio-economic disposition of Black People willing to label themselves as “Woke” versus “Conscious” can also be observed.

But if “Woke” has become used to refer to more social, political, and economic awareness, and “Conscious” has become used to refer to more historical, cultural, religious and spiritual awareness, then just like in cognitive science, it is most common to be simultaneously “woke” and “conscious”, that is to say, having simultaneous affiliation and interest in organizations concerned with both social, political, and economic issues as well as historical, cultural, religious and spiritual issues.

Also, just like the concept of Sleep walking and Sleep Talking in cognitive science, it is possible to be “Woke” but not “Conscious”, that is to say, have affiliation with, and interest in, organizations primarily concerned with social, political, and economic issues, and having no affiliation with, or interest in, organizations concerned with historical, cultural, religious and spiritual issues.  These individuals are aware of the social injustices in the world, but have no knowledge of their historical past or traditional systems of spirituality.

And lastly, just like the concept of Sleep Paralysis in Cognitive Science, it is possible to be “Conscious” but not totally “woke”, that is to say, having interest in historical, cultural, religious, and spiritual issues, and having no interest in social, political, and economic issues.  These individuals are fully aware of their historical past, have “knowledge of self”, and practice some form of traditional spirituality, but have no concern or activism in regards to the social, political, or economic injustices in the world.

Who knows what new terms will emerge in future vernacular, or what new areas of awareness may come to the forefront.  In the foreseeable future, “Scientific Awareness” may become a movement of its own.  Essentially, “Woke” and “Conscious” are mental states, and the ultimate goal is to become Active, with an expression of one’s awareness demonstrated through practical application.

Article by African Creation Energy

Happy Bornday Khalid Muhammad!

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This past January 12th was the birthday of the great warrior  Khalid Muhammad.  He was born January 12,1948. I don’t know if there were any celebrations..but there should be.  Khalid never bit his tongue. He  always represented Black Power and Black Unity to the fullest.  And all who love freedom,justice and liberation should respect him for that.  He was an unflinching warrior in the face of white supremacy.  His speeches always moved me and gave me chills!  As far as Muslims go I like him much better than Louis Farrakhan.  Farrakhan tuned his back on him like a coward when he needed him the most.  That’s when I knew Farr-A -CON was a phony.  Since he passed away in 2001 I don’t hear black people mention him as much. But I don’t think he should be forgotten.  He loved black people,African culture and was not afraid to speak TRUTH to power!  I just wanted to pay some respect to a true African warrior.  May his spirit live on forever!

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Khalid Abdul Muhammad, the former Nation of Islam official during the Million Youth March in Harlem in September, 1999.

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Who killed Martin Luther King?

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Every January, we start hearing Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr’s infamous, “I Have A Dream” speech, but if you research this still very classified and mysterious murder—and even deeper, the dayz that led up to his assassination—you’ll find this dream is in fact (and continues to be) a nightmare!

This night terror became even more deceitful when white media labeled James Earl Ray the lone assassin. While most accepted, there are those that knew there was another side of the story that was being purposely suppressed.

After witnessing Master Historian, Steve Cokely’s research, we at DGT believe he was able to prove this collusion involved more than Ray. In fact, Cokely points to Jesse Jackson as a pawn used to both murder and replace MLK!

In this conspiratorial gumbo stew, we also find along with the U.S. Government, ‘Gay’ Edgar Hoover, the CIA and COINTELPRO, and countless so-called “Jewish” agents, the Boule’ (aka Sigma Pi Phi Fraternity, Inc) also had a hand in it! In particular, we find Boule’ member Jesse having something to do with the changing of King’s room (to #306) as well as putting King’s blood on his shirt once he was dead only to show up later claiming he was the anointed one to lead announcing himself as the heir apparent.

The question that’s been asked but from the wrong context is “why was King assassinated?” See, the MLK whitefolk want people to know about is that he was nonviolent and simply died at the handz of some redneck peckerwood whiteman. What they don’t want you to know is that Martin was changing.

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Having traveled the non-violent route, he realized whitefolk would still continue to be violent. And after Malcolm X was killed, I find King realized the inevitability of his fate; the mortality of his life, yet also understood the important of his last transitioning message; the immortality of self-reliance. This “new” mindset accelerated his death.

In Dr. Kings’ 1967 book, ‘Where Do We Go from Here: Chaos or Community,’ he wrote:

“Black Power, in its broad and positive meaning, is a call to Black people to amass the political and economic strength to achieve their legitimate goals. No one can deny that the Negro is in dire need of this kind of legitimate power.”

King also went on to write:

“Black Power is also a call for the pooling of Black financial resources to achieve economic security. Through the pooling of such resources and the development of habits of thrift and techniques of wise investments, the Negro will be doing his share to grapple with his problem of economic deprivation. If Black Power means the development of this kind of strength within the Negro community, then it is a quest for basic, necessary, legitimate power.”

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The ideas King had on Black politics and economics were the same as Malcolm X. This only heightened the FBIs desire to eliminate King if he were to use Black Nationalist tactics that would be enforced by their Counter Intelligence Program (COINTELPRO), a program designed to neutralize, disrupt and dismantle Black organizationz.

March 4, 1968, the FBI released a classified document that included the need to:

“Prevent the RISE OF A ‘MESSIAH’ who could unify, and electrify, the militant Black Nationalist movement. Malcolm X might have been such a ‘messiah;’ he is the martyr of the movement today. Martin Luther King, Stokely Carmichael, and [Nation of Islam leader] Elijah Muhammad all aspire to this position. Elijah Muhammad is less of a threat because of his age. King could be a real contender for this position should he abandon his supposed ‘obedience’ to ‘white, liberal doctrines’ (nonviolence) and embrace Black Nationalism.”

April 3, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee, Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. gave the speech that is now known as “I’ve Been to the Mountain Top.” In his speech he stated:

“And our agenda calls for withdrawing economic support from [big corporations]. And so, as a result of this, we are asking you tonight to go out and tell your neighbors not to buy Coca-Cola in Memphis. Go by and tell them not to buy Sealtest milk. Tell them not to buy, what is the other bread? Wonder Bread. And what is the other bread company, Jesse? Tell them not to buy Hart’s bread. As Jesse Jackson has said, up to now, only the garbage men have been feeling pain; now we must kind of redistribute the pain. We are choosing these companies because they haven’t been fair in their hiring policies; and we are choosing them because they can begin the process of saying they are going to support the needs and the rights of these men who are on strike. And then they can move on downtown and tell Mayor Loeb to do what is right. But not only that, we’ve got to strengthen Black institutions.”

Of the blatant pro-Afrikan jeweled instruction/solutionz he courageously mentioned, these were tangible thingz that could be done non-violently. Such as:

“I call upon you to take your money out of the banks downtown and deposit your money in Tri-State Bank. We want a ‘bank-in’ movement in Memphis. So go by the savings and loan association. I’m not asking you something we don’t do ourselves at SCLC. Judge Hooks and others will tell you that we have an account here in the savings and loan association from the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. We’re just telling you to follow what we’re doing. Put your money there. You have six or seven Black insurance companies in Memphis. Take out your insurance there. We want to have an ‘insurance-in.’ Now  these are some practical things we can do. We begin the process of building a greater economic base. And at the same time, we are putting pressure where it really hurts. I ask you to follow through here.”

This speech would become King’s last public wordz. April 4, 1968, precisely one month to the day after the COINTELPRO memo was released, Dr. King became a victim of American terrorizm.

But as stated, this was orchestrated by more than just James Earl Ray, and even COINTELPRO. See, we don’t look at the direction the next so-called “leader” took.

Historian, Anthony Browder had this to say in his book, From the Browder Files:

“…[T]he memory of King’s life and struggle is slowly being diminished.

Several years ago, on Dr. King’s birthday, I was invited to discuss his life on a radio program. I arrived early and sat in the waiting room and listen as the host played a recording of Dr. King’s “I See The Promise Land” speech. This was King’s last public speech and it was recorded the evening before his assassination.

I had brought a book of King’s speeches for the interview and read along with the recording. I was shocked to discover that the most significant portion of King’s speech (over one page of text) was edited out of the recording. I noted that this speech was recorded on Motown records, with liner notes written by Mrs. King. The text omitted from the recording was of a different image of the King that we now know. This King discussed the power of the black dollar and urged the citizens of Memphis to take their money out of the white owned banks and insurance companies and put it in black owned institutions. This King called for an immediate boycott of Coca Cola, Sealtest Milk and Wonder Bread. This King never got an opportunity to implement his new strategies because he was killed the following day.

Recently I’ve learned that King and Malcolm had talked of developing joint strategies for combating racism in the north and south. But Malcolm was assassinated before they had formulated a plan of action. King later became a marked man when he spoke out against the Viet Nam war in 1967, and advanced the call for human rights just as Malcolm had done.

Since Dr. Kings assassination and the establishment of his holiday, his legacy been reduced to one speech and four simple words…”I have a dream.” Now Malcolm’s image is being watered down so that it is more palatable to America’s tastes.

If we want to know the real Malcolm or Martin, or any other African or African American hero or shero, we must be willing to dig deep into their past. We must read their writings, listen to their speeches, and not be mislead by Hollywood productions and made for TV movies of their lives. We must study the treasured lives of those near and dear to us and we should not expect their stories to be handed to us on a silver platter.”

[Excerpt from ‘Fakin’ Jack(son)‘:

August 19, 2003, The Final Call printed a piece entitled, “SCLC Returns to Memphis”. Many are not aware there are those who believe Jesse was involved in Martin Luther King’s death and that there was an investigation—even the late Corretta Scott King (later retracted by the Final Call the following week. Why really? Don’t know)!

Remember back in 1998, right before the alleged assassin, James Earl Ray, met with the King family? Many don’t know that the following year there was a conspiracy trial (King vs. Lloyd Jowers and other unknown conspiratorz) for King’s death in 1999, where a jury consisting of six Afrikanz and six whites concluded King’s death was in fact, a result of a multi-tiered government conspiracy.

At the end of the trial, good ol’ Jesse wrote an editorial that appeared in the Los Angeles Times, where he stated, “For those of us who were with Dr. King in Memphis, the ‘lone assassin’ theory always seemed suspect. James Earl Ray had neither the means nor the method nor the motive to stalk Dr. King, shoot him and arrange his own getaway. Despite these misgivings, the lone assassin theory became the near universal explanation. Deviation from it was too forbidding, for any conspiracy would point directly to government involvement, or at least acquiescence, in King’s murder.”

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A panel consisting of Cokely, Dick Gregory, Martin King III, Rev. Bernice King, attorneyz William Peper and Lewis Garrison and otherz—was put together by the SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership Conference) entitled, “Fact or Fiction: The Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.”, where they talked about the setup that had MLK on the second floor balcony of the Lorraine Motel (in Memphis, Tennessee) at 6pm as a sitting duck for a bullet.

It is alleged 15 minutes before King was shot, Jesse removed a community group from the hotel that was there to protect King. Why? And why hasn’t anyone questioned him about this? In addition, the evening before that fateful day (April 3rd), the night he performed his last speech, “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop”, it’s believed a ‘practice run’ was conducted where King, Jesse and party was pictured outside the motel on the second floor at 6pm on their way to dinner.

It is also believed by some that MLKs room was mysteriously changed from the ground floor to second floor that same evening. 6:01pm the following day, a .30-06 caliber rifle bullet rang out entering King’s right jaw, traveling through his neck, severing his spinal cord, stopped in his shoulder blade, and shortly thereafter, ended his life.

If you look at the pictures from the day King was killed, none have surfaced (to my knowledge) that show Jesse on the balcony with King’s right-hand man, Ralph Abernathy and Boule’ member, Andrew Young. But somehow, the picture from the day before became the ‘official’ candid moments before King died. As well, amongst the chaos, Jesse’s career just so happened to take off…

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After the ambulance took away his body, all that was left was a massive amount of King’s blood. Abernathy, in a state of shock grabbed a jar and started scraping up the blood, crying how it was King’s blood and precious, “This blood was shed for us,” he allegedly stated.

Nearly a whole half-hour after King was shot, Jesse comes on the scene, makin’ his way to the balcony—many thought he was hiding down by the pool. Young rememberz seeing Jackson dip his handz in the huge pool of blood and after raising them to the sky, wiped the blood on his shirt. Young stated, “people freaked out and did strange things… it was… it was… I mean, what do you do in a moment like that?” If you’re Jesse, you take advantage!

The majority of hedz from the SCLC quickly followed King to the hospital leaving Jesse Jackson behind. This is where Jesse seized the opportunity! He told otherz not to say anything to the Media. Once the Media arrived at the hotel, they quickly focused on Jesse, now with King’s blood all over his shirt. With the rest of the SCLC at the hospitial, Jesse pretty much anointed himself—with the sacrificial blood of King—as the media spokesman stating to the press, “The black people’s leader, our Moses, the once in a 400 or 500-year leader has been taken from us by hatred and bitterness. Even as I stand at this hour, I cannot even allow hate to enter my heart at this time, for it was sickness, not meanness, that killed him. People were, some were in pandemonium, some were in shock, some were crying, hollering, “Oh, God!” And I immediately started running upstairs to where he was and I caught his head and I tried to feel his head and I asked him, I said, “Dr. King, do you hear me? Dr. King, do you hear me?” And he didn’t say anything and I tried to hold his head.” So noble of him to come on the scene after everything went down!

(Exceprt from, ‘And the Walls Came Tumbling Down‘ by Ralph David Abernathy, “It seems that shortly after the ambulance had left, the press had converged on the place, camera crews and reporters, local staff and network, all eager to put someone on camera to tell the story. Jesse and Hosea had both agreed that until they knew what had happened, they would avoid the press and stay out of sight. At least that’s what Hosea had thought was the understanding.

So he was more than a little surprised to look out the window and see Jesse, standing in front of several cameras, speaking into a microphone that a reporter was holding in his face. Curious, Hosea slipped outside and eased up behind Jesse, though on the other side of a chain-link fence.

“Yes,” Jesse was saying, “I was the last person he spoke to as I was cradling him in my arms.”same story, or very nearly the same, that morning on The Today Show.” (end Excerpt)

While the rest of SCLC was back at the motel trying to figure out their next steps, like Bobby Brown leavin’ New Edition, after meeting with reporterz outside the motel, Jesse quickly left Memphis, makin’ his way back to Chicago where in 14, I repeat, just 14 hourz after King’s death, he appeared on the Today show with his bloody shirt while a newly hired booking agent got him spots on other TV showz. You mean to tell me in the midst of all this chaos, this cat found the time to hire a bookin’ agent?! King just died, yo!!

And the show didn’t stop there! Later that afternoon Jesse appeared before the Chicago City Council wearing a blood-stained shirt and saying that it was the same shirt he had been wearing the previous evening when he had held Martin.

Now ask yourselves, why else would he wear a shirt with blood on it from the previous day? He surely didn’t wear this shirt as he travelled back to Chicago from Tennessee! In addition, why would he tell bold-faced lies of him bein’ the last person he spoke to when he showed up 30 minutes after he was shot? As many believe (and some can prove), this wasn’t Jesse seizin’ an opportunity that just so happen to fall in his lap, this was planned! Overnight Jesse Jackson became a nationally known figure, self-appointing him as the next leader of the Civil Rights Movement!

Oh, Jesse wasn’t alone! Many hedz know he was a gangster (had affiliation, along with half-brother, Noah Robinson, with the notorious street gang the Blackstone Rangers and leader, Jeff Fort, who was later convicted of killin’ more than 200 people). So we can assume Abernathy, Young and company feared Jesse’s constituents with some not make waves; to go along to get along.

Several hedz, along with Young created the historical photo-still that fooled the whole world, they pointed in what’s believed by several hedz, in the wrong direction of where the shot came from. One other jewel is the allegationz of King tellin’ his close friend, Ralph Abernathy, not to trust Jesse, suspecting him to be an agent.

What fellow Boule’ member Andrew Young said and what we know of Jackson’s steps hourz after King was dead, it’s quite obvious a blind-eye was turned enabling the collaboratorz and possible true gunmen were able to get away. The following actionz of Jackson are what standz as a reason questionz remain:

  • Jesse had MLKs room changed from the first level to the second level floor at the Lorraine hotel, room 306.
  • Orchestrated or partook in pointing in the wrong direction the alleged shots came from.
  • Didn’t wear a tie coding him as a “friendly” as assassinatorz were told not to wear a tie (see in Cokely’s video, pt.2)
  • Rubbed his handz on King’s bloodied chest, saturates them then rubz his handz on his shirt later to show up alleging him the next anointed one.

From what we know tracking Jackson I pose this question: why didn’t this self-anointed protege of MLK carry on the new agenda King spoke of in his last dayz? We know both were in Boule’, but with MLKs certain transformation and knowing what we know of the Boule’ and how their known and written allegiance to GWS (Global White Supremacy), it’s easy to suspect why Jesse did what he did pre- (spying, not having MLKs trust), during- (pointing in wrong direction of shooter), and post- MLKs death. I can only imaging had he lived at least one more year what we would’ve learned about the U.S. government, Jesse, and the Boule’.

Despite his rep of short-lived boycotts; despite being part of the 381-day Montgomery Bus Boycott, he has yet to implement any of the clear win strategies MLK laid out in his last speech and book.

With the official record files on King and his case to be “fully” released to the public around the year 2028, I ask this last question, what kind of justice system waits 60 yearz to release publicly when at this point, the culprits and co-conspiratorz will long gone?!

As you enjoy this King Holiday, take a few moments to reflect and educate yourself on the story they don’t want you to know by watching Cokely’s lecture and learn just who actually killed MLK, or at least has blood on their shirt—I mean handz!

Know that what they want you to know is not what you should know.

Dua, MLK for your courage to accept your change and be vocal about it and Bro. Cokely for your research and courage to share!

Bless…

Article written by M’Bwebe Aja Ishangi

Muhammad Ali (1942-2016)

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Louis Farrakhan says Black people are cursed! Is he crazy??


This video of Louis Farrakhan is very disturbing. I think he must be losing his mind. He claims that black people are “marked” because of rebelling against God. He says that we didn’t always have kinky hair,thick lips and a broad nose. He says we are “disfigured” because God hates us. How insane is that? This sounds like a new version of the curse of Ham from the Bible. Farrakhan is teaching self hatred and white supremacy. This speech sounds like something the KKK would agree with. He should be ashamed of himself! I don’t mean to offend any Muslims. But if you’re in the nation of Islam then you need to speak out against such teachings. I can’t believe Farrakhan would stoop this low.Listening to this made me sick to my stomach. And what’s scarier,is the fact that the audience seems to be in agreement! This is shameful!

Jews Selling Blacks

There is no longer any debate. It has been conclusively shown that the Jewish people held a key role in the trans-Atlantic slave trade and the development of an Apartheid society in the United States of America .

Different from the heavily footnoted previous publications “The Secret Relationship Between Blacks and Jews” Volumes One and Two, the Historical Research Department of the Nation of Islam has released 144 pages containing 283 Jewish slave sale ads reproduced from American newspapers across the country. “Jews Selling Blacks” displays posted bills, classified ads and flyers showing that Jews bought and sold whole plantations and marketed slaves ranging in age from infants to the elderly. Additionally, Jewish merchants arranged bank financing and various other payment options which in essence amounted to lay-away terms for their human cargo and subsequently enslaved labor force.

Jewish apologists often advance the discredited notion that according to the population, only a “modest” number of Jewish people owned slaves. Compared to what? Census figures do not tell the entire story. Certainly one individual, or family—especially possessing great wealth—can be responsible for large amounts of evil.

This is evident in places such as slave-era South Carolina . A foundation of mercantilism and the slave trade, it was the first state to declare its secession, leading to the formation of the Confederate States of America , which led to the Civil War. In the book, readers are shown that before New York became the population center for American Jews, during the slave era, Charleston , South Carolina was the center of Jewish population and their mercantile exploits.

For example, in December of 1839, Maurice Barnett, a slave dealer in Baton Rouge , Louisiana offered a 26-year-old slave named Osborn for sale. Osborn was described as “a mulatto, good carriage driver and waiter, active and handy at anything he is put to.” His wife Lucinda, 22, was also offered for sale. She was described as “very intelligent, food cook, washer and ironer.” Perhaps the most disconcerting portion of the advertisement was that the children, Commodore, age 6, Josephine, age 4, Henry “about 2 years of age” and Osborn Jr. “about 1 year of age” were also for sale. (p. 9) Keep in mind, many times, Black families would be torn apart and sold to different plantation owners. Quite often, husbands were split up from their wives, mothers separated from their children and children from their siblings.

An advertisement in the June 24, 1805 Charleston City Gazette contained an advertisement by Cohen & Moses offering “Twenty Prime AFRICAN SLAVES. Conditions, cash on delivery.” (p.11) In fact, several pages are devoted to slave advertisements by Cohen & Moses spanning several years. Another Jewish auctioneer, Jacob Cohen, a prominent slave dealer who ran Jacob Cohen and Co., also advertised extensively. Later, the company, Jacob Cohen & Son, according to the numerous advertisements that are a part of historical record, continued this legacy of genocidal human trafficking amassing great wealth at that time. Could the modern day Cohen & Co., the Philadelphia-based firm that according to a July 30, 2010 Bloomberg article “built itself into the second-largest manager of collateralized debt obligations” be connected in some way to the similarly named trading companies flourishing in the antebellum south?

An interesting bit of information shows that slave broker and auctioneer Thomas W. Mordecai, of Charleston was a founding member of the Reform Society of Israelites, the first Jewish reform movement in the United States. He later became a prominent religious and media official. (p. 80)

The demeaning language used in many of the slave sale advertisements, often by well-respected religious pillars of the Jewish community, such as Isaiah Isaacs, a slave owner of Richmond, Virginia, who founded Congregation Beth Shalome (p.112) demonstrate blatant disregard for the humanity of their Black slaves, who were sold alongside farm animals, furniture, liquor and often as “add-on” items when land ownership was transferred.

The Jewish people have established themselves as the quintessential and prototypical merchant class in American society. Specifically related to slavery, their dominance led the Jewish Encyclopedia to note, “The cotton-plantations in many parts of the South were wholly in the hands of Jews, and as a consequence, slavery found its advocates among them.”

They were so thoroughly integrated in the cultural realities of the racially segregated South that in 1813, Jewish constable Moses Levy reminded residents of the ordinance that required “All negroes or other Slaves working out on hire,” to wear a badge “conspicuously about their persons” comparable to the WWII Nazi-era yellow star that became symbolic of the dissolution of Jews in Germany over a century later. (p.133)

It was not until the revelation of the significant involvement of the Jews that their scholars (and their impish Black lackeys and mouthpieces) sought to highlight the actions of others (i.e., African chiefs, Arab traders, so-called “free” Blacks etc.) in an attempt to change the focus of the discussion and documented research.

It is strange that prior to the Nation of Islam’s research, those who had studied history and this critical aspect of the impact of the trans-Atlantic slave trade on American society were perfectly content allowing the blame to fall squarely on the shoulders of the White Anglo Saxon Protestants in the South.

Those who continue to be mystified by motive generated mythology and revisionist history are either intellectually incurious or purposefully lazy and have not properly utilized the meticulously crafted documentation provided by the Historical Research Department.

As stated earlier, there is no longer any debate. The evidence is overwhelming. The lies have been deconstructed.

This book is an important addition to any library, and in years to come, will be considered one of several publications responsible for yet another paradigm shift in the study of American history thus leading to the proper contextualization and understanding of the trans-Atlantic slave trade.