The similarities between these two men should cause you concern. I’ve always said that Trump’s message was nothing but white nationalism with a makeover. You think things are bad for black people now? Wait until Obama leaves office. If this guy becomes President…it will be much worse. However maybe more black people will wake up and realize all we got is each other. And maybe in the process we will rely on each other more.
If your heritage is non-African, you are part Neanderthal, according to a new study in the July issue of Molecular Biology and Evolution. Discovery News has been reporting on human/Neanderthal interbreeding for some time now, so this latest research confirms earlier findings.
Damian Labuda of the University of Montreal’s Department of Pediatrics and the CHU Sainte-Justine Research Center conducted the study with his colleagues. They determined some of the human X chromosome originates from Neanderthals, but only in people of non-African heritage.
“This confirms recent findings suggesting that the two populations interbred,” Labuda was quoted as saying in a press release. His team believes most, if not all, of the interbreeding took place in the Middle East, while modern humans were migrating out of Africa and spreading to other regions.
The ancestors of Neanderthals left Africa about 400,000 to 800,000 years ago. They evolved over the millennia mostly in what are now France, Spain, Germany and Russia. They went extinct, or were simply absorbed into the modern human population, about 30,000 years ago.
Neanderthals possessed the gene for language and had sophisticated music, art and tool craftsmanship skills, so they must have not been all that unattractive to modern humans at the time.
“In addition, because our methods were totally independent of Neanderthal material, we can also conclude that previous results were not influenced by contaminating artifacts,” Labuda said.
This work goes back to nearly a decade ago, when Labuda and his colleagues identified a piece of DNA, called a haplotype, in the human X chromosome that seemed different. They questioned its origins.
Fast forward to 2010, when the Neanderthal genome was sequenced. The researchers could then compare the haplotype to the Neanderthal genome as well as to the DNA of existing humans. The scientists found that the sequence was present in people across all continents, except for Saharan Africa, and including Australia.
“There is little doubt that this haplotype is present because of mating with our ancestors and Neanderthals,” said Nick Patterson of the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard University. Patterson did not participate in the latest research. He added, “This is a very nice result, and further analysis may help determine more details.”
David Reich, a Harvard Medical School geneticist, added, “Dr. Labuda and his colleagues were the first to identify a genetic variation in non-Africans that was likely to have come from an archaic population. This was done entirely without the Neanderthal genome sequence, but in light of the Neanderthal sequence, it is now clear that they were absolutely right!”
The modern human/Neanderthal combo likely benefitted our species, enabling it to survive in harsh, cold regions that Neanderthals previously had adapted to.
“Variability is very important for long-term survival of a species,” Labuda concluded. “Every addition to the genome can be enriching.”
It must be a rule that whenever one or more minority is gathered together in an activity weakly scattered with minorities then racism will occur. That sounds a lot better than saying when millions of heavily drunk and rowdy European/Caucasian people are attending a sporting event that racism will occur. Certainly that type of behavior could not happen at a prestigious event like the World Cup. But according to Yahoo Sports, it did and quite a couple of times as well.
During the Germany-Ghana match, a fan ran onto the field, shirtless, sporting a Pro-Nazi message all across his body. Apparently no security attempted to stop him as the guy ran through the match while it was going on. In fact, the fan was escorted by Ghana midfielder Sulley Muntari.
Unfortunately this was not the only incident of bigotry in the World Cup. There were reports made to FIFA about several neo-nazi signs seen throughout the stadium. In addition to the signs, two soccer fans were spotted wearing blackface makeup and wearing white T-Shirts that read “Ghana”.
Those reports were actually made by an anti-discrimination group known as the Fare network, which stands for “Football against racism in Europe.”
It is quite a shame that racism felt it was so welcome into an event such as the World Cup. The monumental sporting event hosts a variety of countries and cultures. Since the teams are basically entire countries being represented, there are no mascots or logo names but rather the people themselves. Just like a NFL fan is likely to call a Dallas Cowboys fan a “cowgirl”, soccer fans may lean more toward mocking an opponent‘s culture since it is the only identifiable target to taunt that opponent. That is in no way making an excuse for this behavior but rather urging FIFA to take some seriousness and aggression in approaching this matter. Besides the fact that the guy was promoting offensive banter, he ran onto the field with little constraint. Security and referees should be disciplined heavily for jeopardizing the safety of everyone on the field.
Article by Brandon Simmons.